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Since the 16th century, the constant entry of Christian missionaries, traders from various parts of Europe, to a great extent, altered the very basis of the social system in India. The highly complex, heterogeneous nature of Indian social system with an amalgam of customs and rituals along with the indispensable, omnipresent role of caste this had appeared heavily unfamiliar to Europeans. The pattern of colonial impact on the old order of the Indian society in the context of land relations was repeated and reaffirmed in other contexts too, such as the introduction of English education and the consequent expansion of and diversification of civil society into professions. The history of the progress of Christianity in India is an interesting study in itself.  More fascinating is the history of the Christian missionaries’ activities towards the development of education and other welfare activities. The development of the Granciscan Missionaries of Mary (FMM) in Tamil society was founded in 1876 in the Nilgiris.  Initially schools, shelters, dispensaries and tailoring institutions for young girls were opened.  Soon after FMM houses were established in Coimbatore, which had Tamil schools, orphanages, weaving centers, a crèche, home for the aged and home for the uncared mothers.  Sisters of FMM are aware of the changing needs of today’s world.  FMM has evolved a wholesome programme of social welfare activities.  Programmes included rehabilitation measures and promoting humanness for the deprived and the marginalized.

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Dr. A. Arputha Selvi. (2019). Negotiating With Modernity: Mapping The Contributions Of Franciscan Missionaries Of Mary (FMM) To Tamil Society In Colonial South India. History Research Journal, 5(6), 2877-2884. Retrieved from