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Independent India ensures equality for women in the preamble of the Constitution.  Article 14 which provides for equality before law may be considered important for the establishment of the welfare state.  Article 38 of Constitution specifically authorizes the State to work for establishing a welfare state.  It states that the State shall strive to promote the welfare of the people by securing and protecting effectively as it may, a social order in which justice, social economic and political shall prevail in all the institutions of national life.  Based on the principles enshrined in the Constitution several welfare programmes have been initiated by the Government from time to time.  The Government policies towards          socio-economic development leads the creation of new department accordingly, In September 1985, the Department of Women and Child Development under the Ministry of Human Resource Development was established in India and emphasize was laid on establishing a ‘Women’s Bureau’, which function as a coordination or planning unit and an advocate of women’s programmes and needs.

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M. PETCHIAMMAL, & P.Senraya Perumal. (2020). The Government Policies Towards The Socio-Economic Development Of Women In Tamil Nadu 1967-1977. History Research Journal, 5(6), 2793-2800. Retrieved from