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The modernization involves the process of social, economic and political change in the underdeveloped and traditional societies. The term modernization in Indian context is used to the process through which a traditional society transforms into a modern society. The process of modernization in the initial stages in Indian history began with a Colonial heritage which meant the encounter of a traditional society with the modernizing west which led to the primarily transformation of agricultural societies into the industrial economy (Anitha Sharma, 1990:9). This transformation did not remain confined to the economic and industrial areas, but also lead to the social transformation.

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Prabhu, M. P. M. (2019). Women’s Education in India: An Historical Overview . History Research Journal, 5(6), 1972-1980. Retrieved from