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Travancore was situated in the extreme South west portion of the Indian Peninsula.1 It had a total area of 1725 square miles.2  The land Travancore had rich natural resources and panoramic views. Its fertility backed by abundance of water resources made for its rich flora and fauna3. The hills and valleys of the state offered plenty of scope to cultivate paddy, coconut, cardamom, pepper, coffee, tea and rubber etc., The spices of the state attracted the people all over the world which ultimately resulted in the colonization of Kerala.4 The topography of the land of Travancore, the fertility of the soil and the climatic conditions of the state were favourable for the raising of a large variety of crops in the state. These products could be divided into two broad categories, namely, consumption crops and plantation crops. Among consumption crops, paddy and coconut are the most important. Paddy provides the staple food of the people and it is cultivated thoughout the State both on the hills and on the plains.  Coconut and  palms overcrowding the low lands and the slopes of the high lands from southern tip of the state to the northern border are a perennial crop. The yield of which earns cash income to the planters and contributes the bulk of the state revenue.

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How to Cite
R.Maheswari. (2019). Contributions of Various Consumption Crops to Revenue of Travancore in 19th cy. History Research Journal, 5(6), 191-197. Retrieved from