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While studying the Dalit in Punjab in the colonial period, there were three significant Dalit communities that worked for the cause of the upliftment of the community. These were the Balmikis, the Ad Dharmi, and the Megh. All these three communities tried their level best for Dalit assertion in Punjab.  The Dalit in Punjab had never been given the social and political rights. They were even deprived of the right to have a job in the administrative and judicial sphere. The norms usually remained different for them in comparison to the other castes in Punjabi social order. They were given occupations like scavenging, toddy tapping, sweeping, leatherwork and the like which as per social norms made them the polluting castes. They were even given the lower ritual and social status in the society by the upper castes.

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Vinay Kumar, & Aman Jyoti. (2019). Dalit Assertion in Colonial Punjab: A study of three Communities in Jalandhar City. History Research Journal, 5(6), 95-105. Retrieved from